Lung Cancer. 2003 Mar;39(3):339-45.

Ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide combined with 41.8 degrees C whole body hyperthermia for malignant pleural mesothelioma.

Bakhshandeh ABruns ITraynor ARobins HIEberhardt KDemedts AKaukel EKoschel GGatzemeier UKohlmann TDalhoff KEhlers EMGruber Y,Zumschlinge RHegewisch-Becker SPeters SOWiedemann GJ.


Medical University of Lübeck, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538, Luebeck, Germany.


We performed a phase II study combining 41.8 degrees C whole body hyperthermia with ICE chemotherapy, i.e. ifosfamide (5 g/m(2)), carboplatin (300 mg/m(2)) and etoposide (150 mg/m(2) on days 2 and 3), administered every 4 weeks, for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma. Of 27 chemonäive, non-metastatic patients enrolled, 25 patients were evaluable for response. Overall response rate was 20% (five partial remissions; 95% CI 8.9-39.1%). Median survival time from the start of treatment for all patients was 76.6 weeks (95% CI 65.4-87.8 weeks). Progression free survival for all patients measured 29.6 weeks (95% CI 24.4-34.7 weeks). One year overall survival was 68% and 2 year overall survival was 20%. Major treatment toxicities included grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia in 74 and 33% of treatment cycles, respectively. One patient died due to sepsis. These promising results are consistent with continued clinical investigation; a phase III clinical trial with whole body hyperthermia as the independent variable has been initiated.