Superficial chest wall recurrences of breast cancer: prognostic treatment factors for combined radiation therapyand hyperthermia.
Seegenschmiedt HM, Karlsson UL, Sauer R, Brady LW Jr, Herbst M, Amendola BE, Markoe AM, Fisher SA, Micaily B.
Strahlentherapeutische Universitätsklinik, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Federal Republic of Germany.
Forty-nine patients with chest wall recurrences of breast carcinoma received radiation therapy and 915-MHz microwave hyperthermia for 95 lesions. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 39 months, with five patients dying before 6 months follow-up. At 1 month follow-up, 49 (52%) of 95 lesions showed complete response; 28 (29%), partial response; and 18 (19%), no change. At 6 or more months follow-up, 54 (67%) of 81 lesions demonstrated local control; 10 (12%), partial response; six (7%), no change; and 11 (14%), local-regional recurrences. Superficial blisters occurred in 24 (25%) of 95 lesions, whereas long-term complications (deep necrosis, subcutaneous burns) occurred in seven (7%) lesions. Relapse occurred in 16 (17%) lesions, seven after initial complete response and nine after partial response. Several prognostic treatment factors were identified: applied radiation dose (greater than 30 Gy, P less than .01), size of tumor (less than 6 cm diameter, P less than .001), minimum tumor temperature (greater than 41 degrees C, P less than .001), and status of disease (M0 or M1 vs M2, P less than .001). Treatment complications were correlated with maximum temperatures (greater than 45 degrees C, P less than .001). In summary the palliative treatment concept proved to be safe and effective.